Compulsory pilotage applies to the following vessels in public fairways within Finnish waters and the part of the Saimaa Canal leased by Finland that are designated as fairways requiring pilotage:
1) A vessel, vessel combination or tug-towage combination, which is carrying oil, liquefied gas, noxious liquid substances or dangerous goods in solid form in bulk or INF cargo;
2) A vessel or vessel combination operating in Finnish territorial waters, which has a maximum length that exceeds 70 metres or a maximum width that exceeds 14 metres;
3) One of the following navigating the Saimaa Canal or Saimaa waterways:
a) vessel or vessel combination, which has a maximum length of more than 35 metres;
b) A tug-towage combination in which the length of the object being towed is more than 35 metres and towage is performed for purposes other than timber floating;
4) A foreign government ship with a maximum length of more than 15 metres.
The following vessels are exempt from compulsory pilotage:
1) A vessel that is subject to compulsory pilotage based on its size, but to whose shipmaster the Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi ) has granted:
a) A Pilotage Exemption Certificate for the vessel and fairway in question; or
b) An exemption for the vessel and fairway or specific waterways in question;
2) A tanker with a maximum length of 90 metres or a maximum width of 14 metres and to whose shipmaster and officer of the watch the Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) has granted a Pilotage Exemption Certificate for the vessel and fairway in question and which:
a) is carrying liquefied natural gas (LNG) in bulk; or
b) has a double hull and is transporting a bulk load of light or low-sulphur fuel oil.
3) A vessel, vessel combination, tug and tug-towage combination operating in internal traffic in Saimaa waterways and in the Finnish area of the Saimaa Canal, if carrying a load other than that as specified in item 1 under compulsory pilotage.
4) A vessel that has been granted an exception by the Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi).
The Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) can decide, for justified safety or environmental protection purposes, that a named shipmaster or certain vessel must use pilotage services.
Shipmasters arriving to the VTS areas specified in the Vessel Traffic Service Act (Alusliikennepalvelulaki 623/2005) must notify the VTS centre if they are using the exemption from compulsory pilotage and, if so, they must provide the relevant exemption number.
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